What causes vertigo?

5. Ménière disease

Ménière disease is a very common cause of vertigo. However, it is considered a syndrome because the patient always has a triad of symptoms that include vertigo, tinnitus (constant sensation of ringing in the ears) and hearing loss. Likewise, the patient can experience nausea, vomiting and sensation of fullness in their ears.

A person with Ménière disease will have severe vertigo that can last for up to 24 hours and periods of hearing loss that alternate with periods without symptoms. Unfortunately the specific cause of Ménière syndrome hasn’t been defined.


6. Medication

Certain medication can alter the liquid (endolymph) and canaliths inside the ear and cause vertigo. Medicines that are known to cause vertigo are meclizine hydrochloride, promethazine hydrochloride, scopolamine transdermal patch, odansetron, metoclopramie, prednisone, diazepam, clonazepam and lorazepan.


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About Dr Aury Perozo 13 Articles
Aurelysmar Grimán Perozo is a doctor from the Centroccidental University "Lisandro Alvarado", with a diploma degree in occupational medicine, and certified in CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation), and advanced electrocardiography. In addition to her work as a doctor, she also writes as a freelancer in medical research.


The content of this website is not intended to be taken as a replacement for professional medical advice, care, diagnosis or treatment of a doctor, dietician, nutritionist or fitness instructor. If you experience any medical symptoms you should consult your doctor immediately for proper diagnosis and treatment.