5. Ménière disease
Ménière disease is a very common cause of vertigo. However, it is considered a syndrome because the patient always has a triad of symptoms that include vertigo, tinnitus (constant sensation of ringing in the ears) and hearing loss. Likewise, the patient can experience nausea, vomiting and sensation of fullness in their ears.
A person with Ménière disease will have severe vertigo that can last for up to 24 hours and periods of hearing loss that alternate with periods without symptoms. Unfortunately the specific cause of Ménière syndrome hasn’t been defined.
Certain medication can alter the liquid (endolymph) and canaliths inside the ear and cause vertigo. Medicines that are known to cause vertigo are meclizine hydrochloride, promethazine hydrochloride, scopolamine transdermal patch, odansetron, metoclopramie, prednisone, diazepam, clonazepam and lorazepan.