What causes vertigo?

3. Labyrinthitis

Labyrinthitis can be defined as the infection and inflammation of the inner ear, which is usually caused by viral infections, but it can also be caused by bacteria (influenza, measles, herpes viruses, polio, rubella, mumps, hepatitis and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)).

When the inner ear is inflamed and pressing the nerves around the injured tissue, balance can be affected. In labyrinthitis, you may experience other symptoms and signs caused by the infection besides vertigo, such as fever and earache, which usually lasts a few days until the inflammation disappears.

4. Vestibular neuritis

If you experience vertigo and hearing loss at the same time, it usually means that a nerve is inflamed or injured, which is a medical condition called vestibular neuritis or vestibular neuronitis.

It is commonly caused by viral or bacterial infections that progress to affect the nerve and can cause, besides vertigo, earache, nausea, vomiting and unsteadiness.

Photo by Lyashenko

About Dr Aury Perozo 13 Articles
Aurelysmar Grimán Perozo is a doctor from the Centroccidental University "Lisandro Alvarado", with a diploma degree in occupational medicine, and certified in CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation), and advanced electrocardiography. In addition to her work as a doctor, she also writes as a freelancer in medical research.


The content of this website is not intended to be taken as a replacement for professional medical advice, care, diagnosis or treatment of a doctor, dietician, nutritionist or fitness instructor. If you experience any medical symptoms you should consult your doctor immediately for proper diagnosis and treatment.