Gonorrhoea is one of the most common forms of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). It’s caused by a bacterial pathogen known as gonococcus or neisseria ghonorrhoeae, which infects the urogenital tract after having sex with a person who already suffers from this condition.
The disease most commonly infects the cervix, vagina, urethra or rectum in a woman and more rarely the throat and eyes.
In pregnant women, since gonorrhoea can be transferred to the child during birth, it is necessary for women to get tested for STDs during pregnancy.
30% to 40% of women with gonorrhoea do not show any symptoms, however those who develop symptoms, will manifest the following:
1. Lower abdominal pain
The most common site of gonorrhoea in women is endocervix, urethra and rectum and can develop into a pelvic inflammatory disease faster than in men, as the urethra of women is shorter.
Even though the bacteria first infect the areas of sexual contact, after several days the infection may spread to other internal genital organs such as the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. From here it may then spread to the abdominal cavity (peritoneum) and other pelvic organs and structures causing pelvic inflammatory state, which results in lower abdominal pain.
More symptoms on next page…