9. Varicose Veins and Peripheral Artery Disease
People with the superficial venous disease are quite familiar with leg cramps. One of the symptoms of varicose veins is leg cramps during the night. Also, peripheral artery disease may produce pain in muscles followed by leg cramps after some physical activities involving the legs. Consult a healthcare professional whenever you are experiencing leg cramps that last more than 10 minutes. The problem might be the arterial or venous insufficiency of the blood vessels of the leg.
10. Peripheral Diabetic Neuropathy
Patients with advanced diabetes may develop leg cramps. This is due to the damage of the peripheral nerves and peripheral arteries in the leg. Inadequate glucose control leads to the development of nerve lesions that manifest as a loss of sensation in the affected region and muscle cramping. Consult a healthcare professional in such cases since cramping may be a signal of inadequate glucose regulation.