Labyrinthitis can be defined as the infection and inflammation of the inner ear, which is usually caused by viral infections, but it can also be caused by bacteria (influenza, measles, herpes viruses, polio, rubella, mumps, hepatitis and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)).
When the inner ear is inflamed and pressing the nerves around the injured tissue, balance can be affected. In labyrinthitis, you may experience other symptoms and signs caused by the infection besides vertigo, such as fever and earache, which usually lasts a few days until the inflammation disappears.
4. Vestibular neuritis
If you experience vertigo and hearing loss at the same time, it usually means that a nerve is inflamed or injured, which is a medical condition called vestibular neuritis or vestibular neuronitis.
It is commonly caused by viral or bacterial infections that progress to affect the nerve and can cause, besides vertigo, earache, nausea, vomiting and unsteadiness.